Incontinence has a much higher rate of occurrence in females
than in males. Female incontinence can be a result of either
congenital disorders (such as birth defects, bladder muscle
weakness, or nerve disorders) or acquired disorders (due
to childbirth, injury, infection, or medicinal side effects).
Often, incontinence is caused by poor muscle tone, which
results in less control. In these cases, the problem can
typically be treated with exercise or physical therapy as well as dietary and
Incontinence may also be caused by an overactive bladder,
which occurs when the muscle around the bladder contracts
spastically. Overactive bladder may be treated with medication
or with other treatments, including physical therapy, lifestyle and dietary changes.